Ancient Greek philosophers exalted reason up to the point they said it was reason that made us unique from all the other creatures. As I have said in past essays, I disagree with this way of thought. However, what amazes me the most was the attitude that most “Christian” writers put into this way of thinking. It is very illogical to believe in Jesus, and at the same time believe in Greek philosophy. This is because both contradict each other in a very vast way.
When I look at the Bible and then turn and look at the writings of the Greek philosophers, I find completely the opposite. Aristotle said that happiness is found in virtue, which is essential to human flourishing, and therefore, people can self-direct themselves. Aristotle and His “Ideas”. In the Bible however, we never see a self-direction.
Again, therefore, Jesus spoke to them, saying, “I am the light of the world. He who follows me will not walk in the darkness, but will have the light of life.”
While Greek philosophy focuses on reason, the Bible focuses on Jesus. As I said in Christianity and Its Evolution, reason is the big difference between God and Greece. If I combine the Bible and Greek philosophy I get darkness and confusion. The word of God is light, and Light and darkness don’t have communion with each other. For many years we have tried to fit God into our reason, our ways, and our religion.
Minucius Felix, one of the “Christian” writers said that God can be known from reason. If God is a spirit, how can my reason know Him, when it tells me that the spiritual realm is impossible? The only way to understand God, who is a Spirit, is by me being a spirit also. How can an animal understand a human, when it is not a human? The only way to understand a human is by being one.
1 Corinthians 2:10-13
But to us, God revealed them through the Spirit. For the Spirit searches all things, yes, the deep things of God. For who among men knows the things of a man, except the spirit of the man, which is in him? Even so, no one knows the things of God, except God’s Spirit. But we received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit which is from God, that we might know the things that were freely given to us by God. Which things also we speak, not in word’s which man’s wisdom teaches, but which the Holy Spirit teaches, comparing spiritual things with spiritual things.
Clement of Alexandria said that seeds of Christianity may be found in the Greeks own writings. Christianity is about Jesus. None of the Greek writers ever mentioned Him; they did not even mention one sovereign God that is all powerful. Instead they attributed all to the pagan “gods”. Even the “good” things that they said always came with an evil one. Greek Religion Uncovered.
St. Justin Martyr another “Christian” writer mentioned that Christianity is the fulfillment of philosophy, and that Christ is the fulfillment of Socrates. As I mentioned before, philosophy is all about reason and none of the Greek writings ever mentioned something truly Christian. Also, Jesus has nothing to do with Socrates. As a matter of fact, Socrates also exalted reason. He said that truth and absolute standard exist and that reason can discover them while Jesus said in John 14:6 that He is the truth. Like Aristotle, Socrates also sought virtue, saying it was knowledge, while with Jesus you only need Him and the guidance of His Spirit.
Eusebius of Caesarea said that Greek philosophy is a preparation for the Gospel. Once again, Greek philosophy is focused on reason, and honoring its “gods”, while the Gospel is all about Jesus.
Like these there are more. Like I said before, we have tried to fit God into our reason, our ways, and our religion, when the Heavens can’t even contain Him. The things of the Spirit can only be known through the Spirit. There is no intermediate phase. If our reason has caused humanity the separation of Heaven and earth, if it has caused humans to not know God anymore, then how can we expect our reason to bring us back to His nature, when it is the one that completely wipes Him out? Ancient Greece and Pre-Socratic Philosophy.