The book of Genesis is a book in which the Hebrews in their time, and today many other people base their faith on the real creation of the universe. While the Greeks in their time had Hesiod’s Theogony. They are both completely different, with different ways of thought and views.
In Genesis chapter 1, we find that it was the Almighty God that created the universe. Therefore, the universe is dependent on God its creator. We also see that that man was declared to have been created in God’s image; therefore man could exercise dominion on God’s behalf. However, it is God’s purpose the one that governs the universe.
In Hesiod’s Theogony, we see that the ultimate origin of all things was chaos, and from chaos came the wide-bosomed earth. Chaos brought forth night, and earth bore heaven; her equal.
In this very first thing we already see how Genesis 1 and Theogony contradict each other. In Genesis, God and Heaven came first and then earth, and in Theogony earth came first then heaven. In Genesis, God is the creator, and in Theogony it was somehow chaos. Not only that, but in Theogony we never see the creation of man. As a matter of fact, Theogony states that man’s negative sanctions are in fact divinities, while in Genesis man’s negative sanctions come from sin. In Theogony, it is the “gods” that reveal both good and evil, while in Genesis, it is God who says not to eat from the tree of good and evil. Actually, God tells us to choose life.
I call heaven and earth to witness against you today, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and curse. Therefore choose life, that you and you offspring may live.
In the Garden of Eden, God never forbad man to eat from the tree of life, both trees were in the garden, but man chose sin.
We also see that in the worldview of Hesiod’s Theogony there is no mercy, but vengeance only. Not likewise, in the bible there is mercy.
For God so loved the world, that He gave His one and only Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish, but have eternal life.
Not only this, but in Theogony it was earth that bore the “gods”, and they were the source of more “gods”; this means that there was sexual relations between the “gods”. Because of this, men were born into a cursed world, when in Genesis we see that when God created everything He said it was good.
In Theogony, Zeus is not omnipotent, for he needs the “gods” to overcome the Titans, when in Genesis God is Almighty. This one is one of my favorite: In Theogony women are a curse to man, when in Genesis they are a suitable help to man!
So, in Theogony there is no resolution possible, hence there is no peace (is this really heaven?), and there are no ethical rules among the “gods”. While in Genesis, there is Life, Light, and Eternity.